In 1965, an unknown engineer, working in a now-defunct microprocessor company, claimed that the density of transistors on a silicon chip would double every two years.
It was then a risky prediction, because this type of component existed only for a few years and it was still mastered imperfectly its manufacture. Such an assertion was equivalent to considering that several million transistors could coexist on a few square millimeters in less than two decades.
However, that’s what happened: not only did Gordon Moore’s claim prove true until 2015, when they reached the size of an atom, but this man also co-founded the most powerful business that has ever been created in the field of microprocessors: Intel.
If we talk about this law, it is because it represents a fundamental factor in the emergence of the digital revolution. Not only will digital technologies grow dramatically in complexity, but their price will plummet to an even greater extent.
In 1972, the cost of a computer set that did not even have one-fifth the power of a contemporary smartphone was about $ 400 million today! The same goes for data storage and administration: Cisco estimates that this cost has been reduced by a factor of $ 70,000 in less than twenty years. In addition to giving us access to more powerful computers and smartphones every year, the “silicon revolution” has helped to democratize access to digital technologies and the Internet.
So today, those of us – the vast majority – who own a smartphone all have in their pocket a more powerful processor than the set of calculators that made it possible to send the man to the moon, demonstrating the power of Moore’s law.