open source

An essential feature of this revolution is the almost limitless ability to access knowledge and techniques. It all started in the early 1980s when Richard Stallman, a talented programmer, was confronted in his lab with the chronic paper jam problem of a Xerox printer. 

He tries to improve the software that controls the printer, but it is available only as a compiled file whose source code is inaccessible to him and that Xerox refuses to provide. He suddenly realizes that the era of computer scientists who freely share their codes in the form of recorded tapes is disappearing. He will then embark on a crazy project: offer an operating system to the developer community, without a paid license, which would be completely open and re-exploitable unconditionally. 

In September 1983, Richard Stallman launched the GNU program, the initial version of a project that will invade the world and found the spirit of open source. To devote enough time, he resigns from MIT and creates the Free Software Foundation, which remains at the forefront of political struggles related to the digital world.

A few years later, Linus Torvalds launches the Linux project: the central kernel of an operating system that is the necessary complement to GNU, now known as GNU / Linux.

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